Cardiff’s Famous Landmarks…

The Cardiff area has a long and varied history, its landmarks are a testament to many different periods of occupation over the centuries. If you take in to account Caerau hillfort, on the western fringes of the city, then you can even venture as far back as the Neolithic period. However, the story of the city as we know it today begins with the Romans, who built a fort here around AD 55. The remains and reconstruction of a later Roman fort are now incorporated in to Cardiff Castle, a Norman stronghold possibly founded by William the Conqueror himself. Religious power in the medieval period was centred on the bishop’s seat at Llandaff Cathedral. The bishops were both powerful and wealthy, they built their own fortified Bishop’s Palace near to the cathedral.

It wasn’t until the industrial revolution that Cardiff became a major, modern metropolis. John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute developed the docks, exporting Welsh coal to the world, and transforming the town. The 3rd Marquess of Bute also spent a fortune recreating the Castle as a Victorian Gothic fantasy palace, including the addition of the famous Animal Wall. Cardiff’s newfound confidence was demonstrated by the commissioning of a grand new civic centre on Cathays Park, ultimately including Cardiff City Hall and the National Museum of Wales. Cardiff was granted city status by King Edward VII in October 1905 and was officially recognised as the capital of Wales 50 years later.